next up previous
Next: 1. Introduction

Toward Cost-Sensitive Modeling for Intrusion Detection and Response

Wenke Lee
Computer Science Department
North Carolina State University
Raleigh, NC 27695 - Wei Fan, Matthew Miller, Sal Stolfo, and Erez Zadok
Computer Science Department
Columbia University
1214 Amsterdam Avenue
New York, NY 10027


Intrusion detection systems (IDSs) must maximize the realization of security goals while minimizing costs. In this paper, we study the problem of building cost-sensitive intrusion detection models. We examine the major cost factors associated with an IDS, which include development cost, operational cost, damage cost due to successful intrusions, and the cost of manual and automated response to intrusions. These cost factors can be qualified according to a defined attack taxonomy and site-specific security policies and priorities. We define cost models to formulate the total expected cost of an IDS. We present cost-sensitive machine learning techniques that can produce detection models that are optimized for user-defined cost metrics. Empirical experiments show that our cost-sensitive modeling and deployment techniques are effective in reducing the overall cost of intrusion detection.


Erez Zadok